At 2:30 am Beijing time today (8:30 pm on September 18th, German time), the 2020-2021 Bundesliga season officially opened. In the first game, Bayern Munich beat Schalke 04 with an 8-goal advantage. There are 18 teams in the Bundesliga, and Germany has 16 state-level administrative units. Although German football is very developed, not every state has a Bundesliga club. In fact, the geographical distribution of Bundesliga clubs is extremely uneven. The following figure shows the geographical locations of Bundesliga clubs.
Location of 18 Bundesliga clubs
The most significant feature of the Bundesliga is the huge difference between the east and the west. It turns out that there are only two teams in East Germany, RB Leipzig and Berlin United (Hertha Berlin is in West Berlin and belongs to West Germany), which only occupy one-ninth of the Bundesliga territory. Share. In sharp contrast, the economically developed North Rhine-Westphalia state in western Germany has 6 Bundesliga teams (Schalke 04, Dortmund, Monchengladbach, Leverkusen, Cologne and Bielefeld), which accounts for one-third of the Bundesliga and stands out among the German states.
Bundesliga clubs in North Rhine-Westphalia
If North Rhine-Westphalia sounds a bit unfamiliar, then the Ruhr area will be more familiar. The school learned from this world-famous industrial contiguous area. There are two Bundesliga teams in the Ruhr area, one is Schalke 04 located in Gelsenkirchen in the north of the Ruhr area. Because Gelsenkirchen was once the European coal mining center, Schalke 04 is often called "miner". The current home of Schalke 04 Veltins Arena (formerly known as the Schalke Stadium, the stadium was named to the famous German brewery Veltins in 2005) is built on a coal mine, and it is scalable The roof can completely close the court, and the design is extremely delicate.
如果北莱茵-威斯特法伦州听起来有点陌生，那么鲁尔区将更加熟悉。学校从这个举世闻名的工业毗邻地区中学到了东西。鲁尔区有两支德甲球队，一支是位于鲁尔区北部盖尔森基兴的沙尔克04队。因为盖尔森基兴曾经是欧洲的煤炭开采中心，所以沙尔克04号通常被称为“矿工”。 Schalke 04 Veltins竞技场（以前称为Schalke体育场，该体育场于2005年以德国著名酿酒厂Veltins命名）的当前所在地，是在一个煤矿上建造的，并且具有可扩展性。屋顶可以完全关闭球场，设计极为精致。
Veltins Arena in Gelsenkirchen
The other team that formed "Rurdby" with Schalke 04 is located in Dortmund, south of the Ruhr, and the team's name is also called Dortmund. To be precise, it should be "Prussia Dortmund" (Borussia Dortmund). Borussia is German, that is, Prussia in English. This is when the team was founded to show that it belongs to the Kingdom of Prussia in the Second German Empire (the Empire also has Bavaria). , Württemberg and other kingdoms and some principalities and free cities). Dortmund’s home stadium, Signa Iduna Park, is located in the south of the city. The former name Westphalia Stadium is also to commemorate the former Kingdom of Prussia in Westphalia.
与沙尔克04队组成“鲁比”的另一支球队位于鲁尔以南的多特蒙德，该队的名字也叫多特蒙德。确切地说，应该是“多特蒙德”（Borussia Dortmund）。 Borussia是德语，即英语的Prussia。这是该团队成立的时候，它表明它属于第二次德意志帝国（也有巴伐利亚）的普鲁士王国。 ，符腾堡州和其他王国以及一些公国和自由城市）。多特蒙德的主体育场西格纳·伊杜纳公园（Signa Iduna Park）位于城市南部。以前的名字威斯特伐利亚体育场也是为了纪念威斯特伐利亚的前普鲁士王国。
Signa Iduna Park Stadium in Dortmund
In addition to the "Rurdby" with Schalke 04 and the German National Derby with Bayern Munich, Dortmund also formed the "Prussian Derby" with Monchengladbach in North Rhine-Westphalia. It is because although the name of the Monchengladbach club does not contain Prussia, their home stadium is called the Prussian Park Stadium. This stadium, built in 2004, is located in the west of Mönchengladbach, and there are many farmland nearby.
Prussian Park Stadium in Monchengladbach
The industrially developed North Rhine-Westphalia’s biomedical industry is also very prosperous. The "Pharmaceutical Factory" Leverkusen Club is located in the city of Leverkusen on the east bank of the Rhine. This is a company owned by Bayer AG. A city that emerged from the establishment of its headquarters here. During World War II, the city was strategically bombed by the British and American Allied forces. Bayer AG’s current main business is healthcare and chemical products. The most famous product is aspirin. The home stadium of the Leverkusen team is also named Bayer Stadium. The current Bayer Stadium was put into use in 1958 and underwent extensive renovations and reconstructions in 1997 and 2009.
Bayer Stadium in Leverkusen on the east bank of the Rhine
Upstream of the Rhine, Cologne, south of Leverkusen, is the largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia. Cologne was also severely damaged during World War II, but it was rebuilt as it was after the war, without introducing modern The skyscrapers in Cologne preserved the landscape of the German classical period. The Cologne Club here has been ancestral. It is the founding member and first champion of the German Football League (1963/64 season). The Cologne Club’s home stadium, Rhein Energy Stadium, is located in the western suburbs of the city. It was built in 1923 from the original site. The fortress of Cologne was demolished and built, so, to some extent, the stadium is also a product of the Treaty of Versailles.
Rhein Energy Stadium in Cologne
The sixth club of North Rhine-Westphalia is located in the northern city of Bielefeld. The city is located between two ridges in the Teutoburg Forest. The Germans once defeated the powerful Roman legions nearby. Relatively close to the North Sea, it has a maritime climate. Bielefeld is the newly promoted horse this season. The club’s home stadium, Schüco Arena, is located in the west of the city, and not far to the southwest is the Teutonic Woods.
Schüco Arena in Bielefeld
In addition to the 6 Bundesliga teams North Rhine-Westphalia, the second place is Baden-Württemberg with 3 Bundesliga teams (Freiburg, Hoffenheim and Stuttgart) , This state is located in southwest Germany, not only the third most populous state in Germany, but also the third largest state in area.
Freiburg is located in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg (and therefore the southwest of Germany). It is the core wine producing area of Baden. The climate is warm and sunny. The eastern part of the city is the famous Black Forest in Germany. There is a large forest composed of pine and fir trees. Because the leaves are dark in color and densely distributed, it looks thick dark green from a distance, so it is called the Black Forest, and because the forest is located on the undulating mountains, it is also called Black Forest. Lin Shan. Therefore, the home stadium of the Freiburg Club, also located in the east of the city, is called the Black Forest Stadium, and the northern part of the stadium is part of the Black Forest, although it is mainly economic forest instead of virgin forest.
Black Forest Stadium in Freiburg
The Hoffenheim Club is located in the small town of Sinsheim, which is why it is nicknamed "Huo Village". This small town not only has the Hoffenheim Club, there is also an automobile and technology museum in the east of the club. This museum is eye-catching and exhibits many aircraft, including the famous supersonic airliner-Concorde. It can be seen from the satellite map. Hoffenheim’s home stadium was originally named the Rhein-Neckar Stadium according to the region, but it is now named PreZero Arena according to the sponsor.
霍芬海姆俱乐部位于辛斯海姆小镇，这就是为什么它被昵称为“霍村”的原因。这个小镇不仅有霍芬海姆俱乐部（Hoffenheim Club），而且在俱乐部的东部还设有汽车和技术博物馆。该博物馆引人注目，并展出了许多飞机，其中包括著名的超音速客机协和飞机。从卫星地图上可以看到。根据该地区，霍芬海姆的主体育场原名Rhein-Neckar体育场，但根据赞助商，现在更名为PreZero Arena。
Hoffenheim Club in Sinsheim
The capital and largest city of Baden-Württemberg is Stuttgart. In addition to the newly promoted Stuttgart Football Club this season, there is also the European Command of the US Army. Proposed by an opera house in Stuttgart. Both Mercedes-Benz and Porsche are headquartered in Stuttgart. Naturally, Mercedes-Benz named Stuttgart's home stadium, the Mercedes-Benz Arena. The stadium is located on the north bank of the Neckar, a tributary of the Rhine.
Mercedes-Benz Arena in Stuttgart
Although Stuttgart's strength is average, they still form the southern German derby with the mighty Bayern Munich, partly because Munich is the capital of Bavaria, the capital of southeastern Germany and the largest state, and a duel between capital teams. This is worth seeing. Munich is not only the largest city in Bavaria and the third largest city in Germany, it is also famous all over the world because it was once the host of the 1972 Summer Olympics. Siemens, BMW and Allianz are all headquartered in Munich, and Allianz also named Bayern Munich's home stadium-Allianz Arena. The Allianz Stadium, built in 2005, is located in the wilderness in the north of the city, close to 10 kilometers from the city center, and has not yet been extensively developed nearby.
Bayern Munich's Allianz Arena
Bayern is an old translation of Bavaria. In addition to Bayern Munich, Bavaria now has another Bundesliga team-Augsburg. The city of Augsburg, where the Augsburg Club is located, is an ancient city. Its name comes from the Augustus-Windley Krum barracks established during the reign of the Roman emperor Octavian in 15 BC. The origin of the barracks’ name is It is Octavian's title "Augustus". The WWK Arena, the home of the Club Augsburg, is located in the farmland on the southern outskirts of the city. It was originally called the Augsburg Arena. It has undergone many naming changes. The current naming company WWK is a German insurance company.
拜仁州是巴伐利亚州的旧译本。除了拜仁慕尼黑，巴伐利亚州现在还有一支德甲球队-奥格斯堡。奥格斯堡俱乐部所在的奥格斯堡市是一座古老的城市。它的名字来自于公元前15年罗马皇帝Octavian统治期间建立的Augustus-Windley Krum军营。兵营名称的由来是Octavian的头衔“ Augustus”。奥格斯堡俱乐部的所在地WWK竞技场位于城市南部郊区的农田中。它最初被称为奥格斯堡竞技场。它经历了许多命名更改。当前的命名公司WWK是一家德国保险公司。
WWK Arena in Augsburg
Like Bavaria, there are two Bundesliga teams in Berlin. Hertha Berlin is located in the northwest of Berlin and belonged to West Berlin during the Cold War; in East Berlin is Berlin United, located on the north bank of the Spree River in the southeastern suburb of Berlin. Relatively speaking, the Olympic Stadium, home of Hertha Berlin, is closer to the city center (Museum Island) than the old Forest Service Stadium of Berlin United.
像巴伐利亚一样，柏林有两支德甲球队。柏林赫塔（Hertha Berlin）位于柏林西北部，冷战时期属于西柏林。东柏林的柏林联队位于柏林东南郊区的施普雷河北岸。相对来说，柏林赫塔（Hertha Berlin）的故居奥林匹克体育场（Olympic Stadium）比旧的柏林联合森林服务体育场（Berlin Service Stadium）更靠近市中心（博物馆岛）。
Hertha Berlin and Berlin United
The Olympic Stadium in Hertha Berlin inherited from the Imperial Stadium of Nazi Germany. It used to be the main stadium of the 1936 Summer Olympics and the final venue of the 2006 World Cup. It is a grand and majestic building. In contrast, Berlin United has been suppressed by Dynamo Berlin for a long time during the East German era. Although their home stadium is a professional football stadium, it is relatively small, with only more than 20,000 seats. With the number of standing seats, the significant size difference between the two stadiums can also be seen from the satellite map.
Another Bundesliga team in the former East German field is the RB from Leipzig, Saxony who came to Leipzig, but this is a newly established club in 2009 and did not exist in the East German era. Leipzig is located in a basin, where three rivers meet. The home stadium of RB Leipzig-the Red Bull Arena is on the east bank of the Baique River in the west of the city. It is worth mentioning that the Red Bull Arena was built on the center court of the former East Germany. Therefore, the Red Bull Arena is also known as the "court in the stadium".
RB Red Bull Arena in Leipzig
There were only two Bundesliga teams in the former East Germany, but in the former West Germany, the closest Bundesliga club to East Germany is Wolfsburg. The city of Wolfsburg, where the Wolfsburg Club is located, is located at the easternmost tip of Lower Saxony and has a population of only a few hundred thousand. However, this is an automobile city and the headquarters of Volkswagen. Because of the developed automobile industry, Wolfs The annual per capita income of Fort is among the highest in Germany, as high as $120,000. Volkswagen is also the title sponsor of the Wolfsburg Club’s home stadium. The stadium is located north of the canal in central Germany and south of the Aller River. To the west is the Volkswagen Museum and to the east is the water park.
Volkswagen Stadium in Wolfsburg
Lower Saxony, where Wolfsburg is located, is the state of Hessen to the south. Frankfurt, the largest city in the state, also has a Bundesliga club. Note that there are two Frankfurt cities in Germany, this is Frankfurt am Main, and the other is Frankfurt am Oder on the German-Polish border, located in Brandenburg. The city of Frankfurt is built along the Main River. The home stadium of the Frankfurt Club, the Commerzbank Arena, is located in the suburbs of the south of the city, surrounded by woodland.
Commercial Bank Arena in Frankfurt
Go southwest along the Main River, at the confluence of the Main River and the Rhine River, the capital and largest city of Rhineland-Palatinate, Mainz is located here. Mainz also has a Bundesliga team, the Mainz Club (almost all Bundesliga clubs have the same name as the city). The club’s home stadium, the Opel Arena, is located on the outskirts of the west of the city, surrounded by farmland. Most of the stadiums are located in the outer suburbs of the city, which is also a feature of Bundesliga clubs. In addition, the Opel Arena is also the third stadium named by the Bundesliga car company (the other two are Volkswagen Stadium and Mercedes-Benz Arena). It is unsurpassed in the five major leagues, which also shows that the German automobile industry is very developed.
Opel Arena in Mainz
The last thing to talk about is the northernmost team of the Bundesliga-Werder Bremen, which is located in Bremen, Bremen. Bremen is the second largest port city in Germany and one of the first German cities to develop trade with China. The Hanseatic city involved in the "Sino-German Treaty of Commerce" signed by the Qing government and Prussia in 1861 is the Hanseatic city The ancient name of Bremen. The Weser River, which flows to the North Sea, runs through Bremen, and Werder’s home stadium in Bremen is therefore named Weser Stadium. The Weser Stadium is located in the southeast of Bremen, on the north bank of the Weser River, next to the stadium is the training base.
Werder Weser Stadium in Bremen
In general, the 18 Bundesliga clubs are only distributed in 10 German states, Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Saarland, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Brandenburg There is no Bundesliga team in the 6 state-level administrative regions.
Location of 18 Bundesliga clubs
The Bundesliga, which has a big difference between east and west, is expected to remain for a long time without the intervention of large-scale consortia. Can RB Leipzig, who ranked third in the Bundesliga last season and reached the semi-finals of the Champions League, can bring the "salad plate" to eastern Germany?